Biotechnology Issues for Developing Countries

Electronic Journal of Biotechnology ISSN: 0717-3458 Vol. 10 No. 3, Issue of July 15, 2007
© 2007 by Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso -- Chile Received July 13, 2006 / Accepted March 29, 2007
DOI: 10.2225/vol10-issue3-fulltext-15

Managing agricultural biotechnology in Colombia

Ingrid Schuler*
Departmento de Biología
Facultad de Ciencias
Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
Bogotá, Colombia
Tel: 57 1 3208320. Ext. 4056-4091

Luis Antonio Orozco
Vicerrectoría de Investigaciones y Doctorados
PhD Student - School of Management
Universidad de los Andes
Bogota, Colombia
Tel: 057 1 3394949
Fax: 057 1 3324052

*Corresponding author

Financial support: REDBIO/FAO.

Keywords: agricultural biotechnology, indicators, legislation, policies, public perception.


ADPIC: Legal Aspects of Intellectual Property Relating to Trade
CAF: Andean Development Corporation
CAN: Andean Community of Nations
GEF-WB: Global Environmental Facility and World Bank
GMOs: genetically modified organisms
ICA: Colombian Institute for Agriculture
INVIMA: National Institute for the Surveillance of Drugs and Food
IPRs: Intellectual Property Rights
LAC: Latin America and the Caribbean
MADR: Ministry for Agriculture and Rural Development
MAVDT: Ministry of Environment, Housing and Territorial Development
MCIT: Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Tourism
MPS: Ministry for Social Protection
NBP: National Biotechnology Program
NBP: National Biotechnology Program
OAS: Organization of American States
OCyT: Colombian Observatory of Science and Technology
OECD: Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
REDBIO/FAO: Network for Technical Cooperation in Agricultural Biotechnology in Latin America and the Caribbean
SIC: Surveillance of Industry and Commerce
UPOV: International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants

Abstract   Full Text

The international scenario for biotechnology shows a rapid tendency at industrialized countries in the increase of publications, patents, enterprises and novel solutions for the industry, the environment, health and agriculture. Nevertheless, Colombia has an important delay in relation to the international scientific development and the capacity to generate wealth and services for its productive systems. This delay has been one of the concerns of the country's policy during the last years, and more precisely since 2002, when for the first time biotechnology was included in a National Development Plan as one of the mechanisms for competitiveness and the use of biodiversity and genetic resources. This paper is the result of a survey conducted in 2005 aimed to provide an overview of agrobiotechnology in Colombia to be included in the compendium of case studies organized by the FAO's Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) and the Network for Technical Cooperation in Agricultural Biotechnology in Latin America and the Caribbean (REDBIO/FAO).

Supported by UNESCO / MIRCEN network