Marine Biotechnology
 

Biofilms

Electronic Journal of Biotechnology ISSN: 0717-3458 Vol. 11 No. 1, Issue of January 15, 2008
© 2008 by Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso -- Chile Received May 2, 2007 / Accepted August 21, 2007
DOI: 10.2225/vol11-issue1-fulltext-12
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Inhibition of attachment of some fouling diatoms and settlement of Ulva lactuca zoospores by film-forming bacterium and their extracellular products isolated from biofouled substrata in northern Chile

Fernando Silva-Aciares*
Laboratorio de Ecología Microbiana
Departamento de Acuicultura
Facultad de Recursos del Mar
Universidad de Antofagasta
Av. Jaime Guzman s/n Casilla 170
Antofagasta, Chile
Tel: 56 55 637881
Fax: 56 55 637804
E-mail: fsaciares@uantof.cl

Carlos Riquelme
Laboratorio de Ecología Microbiana
Departamento de Acuicultura
Facultad de Recursos del Mar
Universidad de Antofagasta
Av. Jaime Guzman s/n Casilla 170
Antofagasta, Chile
Tel: 56 55 637881
Fax: 56 55 637804
E-mail: criquelme@uantof.cl

*Corresponding author

Financial support: This study was possible thanks to the financing of the project FONDEF Nº D01I1166 “Development of products of Microbial Origin for the Control of Biofouling in the Industry of Aquaculture” and project FONDEF Nº D04I1251 “Improvement biotechnology to production and application of microbial bioactive substances inhibitory of the biofouling to the marine industry”.

Keywords: Alteromonas sp, antifouling bacteria, antifouling compounds, diatoms, marine microfouling, Ulva zoospores.

Abbreviations:

AHL: N-acylhomoserine lactone
ASW: artificial sea water
EP: extracellular products
M9: minimal medium
SW: sea water
VNSS: vaatanen nine-salts solution

Abstract   Full Text

The biofouling of surfaces submerged in the marine environment includes primary colonization of the substrate by microorganisms including bacteria, microalgae, and microscopic reproductive propagules of macroorganisms such as algal zoospores. The present study reports the evaluation of the inhibitory potential of biofilms and extracellular products (EP) of the indigenous bacterium Alteromonas sp strain Ni1-LEM on the settlement of marine biofouling such as: (i) eight marine benthic diatoms and (ii) zoospores of the alga Ulva lactuca, as well as the germination of these zoospores and was compared with reference strains with proven antifouling properties, Halomonas marina (ATCC 25374) and Pseudoalteromonas tunicata. Highest antifouling activity was found for the indigenous strain. In attempts to better define the chemical nature of the antifouling substance in the EP of the Alteromonas sp strain Ni1-LEM, the culture filtrates were tested for activity after heat treatment, enzymatic treatments, dialysis through semipermeable membranes, and separation into polar (aqueous) and non-polar (organic) fractions. The results suggested that the antifouling substance in the culture filtrates to be protein or peptide in nature, thermostable, hydrophilic, and equal to or greater than 3500 daltons in molecular size. Antifouling substances from bacteria may lead to the development of novel antifouling agents in the future.

Supported by UNESCO / MIRCEN network