Cloning and characterization of resistance gene analogs from under-exploited plant species
Michael Gomez Selvaraj
Keywords: Adenanthera pavonina, Clitoria ternatea, NBS-LRR, Pongamia glabra, resistance gene analogs; solanum trilobatum.
Present addresses: #Agricultural Research Station, Vaigaidam, Tel: 91-4546244112.
Genomic DNA sequences sharing homology with NBS region of resistance gene analogs were isolated and characterized from Pongamia glabra, Adenanthera pavonina, Clitoria ternatea and Solanum trilobatum using PCR based approach with primers designed from conserved regions of NBS domain. The presence of consensus motifs viz., kinase 1a, kinase 2, kinase 3a and hydrophobic domain provided evidence that the cloned sequences may belong to the NBS-LRR gene family. Conservation of tryptophan as the last residue of kinase-2 motif further confirms their position in non-TIR NBS-LRR family of resistance genes. The Resistance Gene Analogs (RGAs) cloned from P. glabra, A. pavonina, C. ternatea and S. trilobatum clustered together with well- characterized non-TIR-NBS-LRR genes leaving the TIR-NBS-LRR genes as a separate cluster in the average distance tree constructed based on BLOSUM62. All the four RGAs had high level of identity with NBS-LRR family of RGAs deposited in the GenBank. The extent of identity between the sequences at NBS region varied from 29% (P. glabra and S. trilobatum) to 78% (A. pavonina and C. ternatea), which indicates the diversity among the RGAs.