Bioinformatics and Biotechnology
  Marine Biotechnology
Electronic Journal of Biotechnology ISSN: 0717-3458 Vol. 14 No. 1, Issue of January 15, 2011
© 2011 by Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso -- Chile Received March 27, 2010 / Accepted November 16, 2010
DOI: 10.2225/vol14-issue1-fulltext-3

Suppression subtractive hybridization PCR isolation of cDNAs from a Caribbean soft coral

Jose V. Lopez*1,2,3 · Angela Ledger2 · Lory Z. · Santiago-Vázquez3,4 · Mihai Pop5 · Dan D. Sommer5 · Llanie K. Ranzer3,6 · Robert A. Feldman7 · Russell G. Kerr3,8

1 Oceanographic Center, Nova Southeastern University, Dania Beach, FL, USA
2 Florida Atlantic University at Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution Fort Pierce, FL, USA
3 Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, USA
4 Natural Sciences Division, University of Houston, Clear Lake, Houston, TX, USA
5 Center for Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
6 Biotechnology Department, Keiser University, Port St. Lucie, FL, USA 
7 SymBio Corporation, Menlo Park, CA, USA
8 Department of Chemistry, University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, PEI, Canada

*Corresponding author:

Financial support: The authors gratefully acknowledge financial support from Florida Sea Grant College (R/LR-MB-23 to JVL and R/LR-MB-14 to RK). This material is also based upon worked supported by the National Science Foundation under a grant awarded to L.Z. Santiago-Vázquez (awards #0310283 and 0514500). MP and DDS were supported in part the NIH grant R01-HG-0004885 to MP.

Keywords: cDNA, Erythropodium caribaeorum, EST, Gorgonia ventalina, gorgonian, sea fan.

Abstract   Full Text

Transcriptomic studies of marine organisms are still in their infancy. A partial, subtracted expressed sequence tag (EST) library of the Caribbean octocoral Erythropodium caribaeorum and the sea fan Gorgonia ventalina has been analyzed in order to find novel genes or differences in gene expression related to potential secondary metabolite production or symbioses. This approach entails enrichment for potential non-“housekeeping” genes using the suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. More than 500 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) were generated after cloning SSH products, which yielded at least 53 orthologous groups of proteins (COGs) and Pfam clusters, including transcription factors (Drosophila Big Brother), catalases, reverse transcriptases, ferritins and various “hypothetical” protein sequences. A total of 591 EST sequences were deposited into GenBank [dbEST: FL512138 - FL512331, and GH611838]. The results represent proof of concept for enrichment of unique transcripts over housekeeping genes, such as actin or ribosomal genes, which comprised approximately 17% of the total dataset. Due to the gene and sequence diversity of some ESTs, such sequences can find utility as molecular markers in current and future studies of this species and other soft coral biogeography, chemical ecology, phylogenetics, and evolution.

Supported by UNESCO / MIRCEN network