Microbial Biotechnology
  Animal Biotechnology
Electronic Journal of Biotechnology ISSN: 0717-3458 Vol. 14 No. 2, Issue of March 15, 2011
© 2011 by Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso -- Chile Received March 25, 2010 / Accepted December 21, 2010
DOI: 10.2225/vol14-issue2-fulltext-3  

Xylanolytic enzymes production by Aspergillus niger GS1 from solid-state fermentation on corn stover and their effect on ruminal digestibility

Carlos Regalado*1 · Immer Vázquez-Obregón1 · Blanca Estela García-Almendárez1 · Jorge Domínguez-Domínguez2 · Araceli Aguilera-Barreyro3 · Aldo Amaro-Reyes1

1DIPA, PROPAC, Facultad de Química, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, México
2Centro de Investigación en Matemáticas, A.C., Guanajuato, México
3Laboratorio de Nutrición Animal, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, México

*Corresponding author: carlosr@uaq.mx

Financial Support: Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (México) for MS fellowship to I.V.O. and Ph D fellowship to A.A.R.

Keywords: Aspergillus niger GS1, corn stover, digestibility, solid-state fermentation, xylanolytic activity.

Abstract   Full Text

Hemicellulosic agricultural by-products such as corn stover (CS) are highly available materials which represent an opportunity to develop value added products. Native Aspergillus niger GS1 was used for solid-state fermentation (SSF) on alkali pre-treated CS (ACS) aimed to optimize xylanolytic enzymes production, and their effect on in vitro ruminal and true digestibility of ACS. Enzyme production was empirically modelled using a fractional factorial design 29-5, and the resulting significant factors were glucose, yeast extract and two mineral salts, which were arranged in a Draper-Lin optimization design at two levels. Predicted optimum xylanolytic activity of 33.6 U (mg protein)-1 was achieved at 48 hrs of SSF, and was validated by confirmatory experiments. ACS was incubated with a semipurified enzymatic extract (EE) showing a xylanolytic activity of 1600 U kg-1 dry ACS for 12 hrs before exposure to cow’s ruminal liquid for 72 hrs, which led to 5% and 10% increase of in vitro ruminal and true digestibility, respectively. CS is a readily available by-product in different regions which after alkaline treatment and partial hydrolysis with the EE, may be advantageously used as supplement for ruminant feed.

Supported by UNESCO / MIRCEN network