Biopolicies of International Cooperation

Biotechnology Industry

Electronic Journal of Biotechnology ISSN: 0717-3458 Vol. 9 No. 5, Issue of October 15, 2006
© 2006 by Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso -- Chile Received January 31, 2005 / Accepted March 13, 2006
DOI: 10.2225/vol9-issue5-fulltext-1  

Biotechnology research in Venezuela: Five case studies

Rosa Morales
Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales
Universidad de Carabobo
Av. Salvador Allende, Edif. Anexo FACES, PB
Valencia, 2001, Venezuela
Fax: 58 241 8687378
Tel: 58 241 8687378

Financial support: Grant 326-03 from the Council of Scientific and Humanistic Development of the Universidad de Carabobo (CDCH-UC).

Keywords: human capital, Latin American biotechnology, research and development units, organization of biotechnology.


BROs: Biotech research organizations
MCT: Ministry of Science and Technology
OCTI: Observatory of Science, Technology and Innovation of Venezuela

Full Text

The organization of biotechnology differs across countries. The structure of the industry, the academia, and the links between these two sectors vary according to which country is studied. Biotechnology is organized in Venezuela mainly around the research done by special research and development units at national universities. The paper describes some of these units in order to shed light about their performance. Two economic approaches are used to explain the academic production of these biotech research organizations: the technological and organizational approaches. A case study methodology is used in this research.  The results can be summarized as: The percentage of researchers who are doctors is less than seventy percent in each research and development unit, funding source comes basically from the Venezuelan government, strategic alliances are mainly formed between universities, performance of research and development units is mostly oriented to research but not to development . The main conclusion of this paper is that the research and development organizations are only carrying out the research function because (i) the low number of doctors, (ii) the few number of strategic alliances with the private sector and (iii) the form the research and development units finance themselves.

Supported by UNESCO / MIRCEN network
Home | Mail to Editor | Search | Archive